ʶҹҾἹ¡͹ٻ·ҧҡ
ԾԸѳʶҹҧἹ Ἱ
Ἱҳ
Ἱ·٧شҷ㹾ԾԸѳʶҹҧἹἹ¡اظҪҹ 觪ûѴӢ ͤдǡ㹡õԴͤҢ¡Ѻͧ¹
Ἱҷû繼¹¡اظҪҹ մѧ
. ἹҪҳҨѡл§ (Carte du Royaume de Siam et des Pays Circonvoisins) R. PLACIDE Augustin De'chauffe' ѡʵҪӹѡ繼ǨçѺ¾й³Ҫ ἹҧʴҳࢵҪҳҨѡ л§ .. (.. ) պ»СͺἹ Ƕ֧ѡɳз 鹷ҧҪҳҨѡ ҳࢵСûͧ Ъҡ Ѳ þҳԪ ɰԨ
. Ἱѧͧ
. ٻʴͧҧ ¢件֧ظ ͧ˹ ѹ¹ .. ..
. ٻظ ѡɳС觷ȹҾ 觼ѧͧ 觪ǽ ѹ ѹ¹ٻ ѹ¹ .. çѺ稾һҷͧ ʴ ͧ Ҥõҧ ҧѴਹ ¾й³Ҫ çҪҹҪҹحҵǽʷἹҡ ҷǧ Mr. Courtaulin 觻Шӹѡʹ㹻ȨչἹѧͧظҫ繹ǧ ͧž ͧҡҡ 駺dzا෾ (ҧ͡) 繷駻ҡ .. ͻҳͺ ҹ Ἱ詺Ѻ´ҧʵʹ»С ͡ҡŧ˹觢ͧ觵ҧ ҧ١ͧ§Ѻ繨ԧҾѨغѹǡѧ´դسҫҨŤͧѵʵ Իѵʵʹյʵ»С ´ҹ ŷͧ () Ǩչ õ ǭ ͭ ǽ Ъѹ繵 кҪѧ Ѵоطʹ Ѵͭ ѴͧʹҤ¹ Ҥǵҧ dzçҧç ҡ ѷԵҧ͹ҧ纹繵 ἹѧͧѧǾԾԸѳʶҹҧἹ Ἱ Ҿ«觶¨ҡѺͧҤ㹾кҪٻ ͡ûѵʵͧ . ظ .. ʶҹҧἹҾ ¡
. Ἱѧͧ ǽ繼¹ѹɰҹ¹¾й³Ҫ кἹ ا繾ҪҹҡѵзѺ繻Ш
. Ἱͧ úʵ蹴Թ稾ྷҪ .. ͧѹࡹ ·êҧʷѡһǹ
(Ἱ¡÷ . . ἹҾ ..)
. ٻҾҨҡ¶֧ظ ʴ駻ͧҧ͡ ѹ¹ .. 稾ྷҪ
. Ἱ¡اѵԹ Ѫŷ -
ҡѡҹ鹾Ἱҷشµ鹡اѵԹ "ἹطʵѪžкҷ稾ҸԺշ " Ἱʴҳࢵͺ鹷ҤҧҤѹ͡§˹ͧ͢ ἹԹѾ¹ҡҵѪŷ 觡اѵԹ ѹɰҹ¹Ѫŷ ἹҷشҷѡҹʴҤ繼¹ Ըաä͹ҧԷҵ ѡɳТͧἹʴ ҹŧѡɳǡѺٻҾҼѧ ʴ鹷ҧԹѾ͡зҧ»ҳҡ ҧѹ˹ͷҧ׹繵 Ἱطʵ쩺Ѻ ἹáӢ鹷 ¾кҷ稾Ǥʴ稡Ἱ ѹ չҤ .. ·ҧἹ· ͡㹧ҹԷȡ÷ἹѺҤѴ ʶҹ͹ .. ..
ἹáѺԷҡèҡѹ Ѫŷ - ԾԸѳʶҹҧἹ觻ѧ

- Ἱʴ稾ҪԹоʶҹҧ
- ἹҪҳҨѡ
- Ἱŵҧ
- Ἱѡѹࢵᴹ
- ἹʴҳҨѡҳͧҳͧ
- ἹṡҤҧ 㹻
- Ἱʵ
- Ἱͧا෾
- ἹԹ Ἱطҵ


. Ἱʴ稾ҪԹоʶҹҧ մѧ.
. Ἱ Ἱ¹¾кҪͧ ѺҪԾ зҧǷҧ - ҧͺ ʴ鹷ҧʴ稾ҪԹо .. - .. (.. - ..) ʴ鹷ا෾ ֧ͧԧ վ͹͹
. Ἱͧӹԧ ҡ§֧ͧʹ ҵǹ /, ´ʴǡᾧͧлеͧ§ Ἱҧ¹ кػշǨ ŵ к繤駷ǧപ ʴ
. Ἱͧӹԧ ҡͧʹ֧ͧҡ ҵǹ /, Ἱҧ¹ кػշǨ (ἹСͺ) 繪شǡѹ
. ἹҪҳҨѡ ͹駡Ἱ .. Ƚ (º¢ͧзǧҧСзǧҳҹԤͧѰŽ) ͺ . ѴἹԹ⴨չ ҵǹ /,, Ǩ .. - (.. - ) ¹Ӻҽ .. (..) ا Ƚ .. (..) Ἱҧ Ѻ .. 繵ẺͧἹҪҳҨѡ褹繼е 觨СǶ֧仹
. ἹҪҳҨѡѪŷ մѧ
.. ἹҪҳࢵ ҵǹ /,, Ἱ觾ҹͧ 蹴çҪҹҾ ѺҪͧҾѡҹͧἹ ͡仵Ǩ֧Ҫҳࢵ觵Դ͡Ѻࢵᴹͧͧѧн ͹繼¹ .. (..) 㹻ǡѹἹҧҵǹǡѹ ẹ繼¹ Ἱͧҹվšѵ Թ .. (..) ҡѡҹѹɰҹҢй鹻ѧͧἹ
.. Ἱҧö信ا .. (..) Ἱҧ¹ ʴ鹷ҧö俢й
.. Ἱҧö信ا .. (..) ͧἹʴ鹷ҧö俢й кҡѧҧҧö§
Ἱʴ鹷ҧö俷ͧҧѧҾҡ дɡͺԾԸѳʶҹҧἹ֧·Ѵ¢Ҵҵ鹩Ѻ
.. Ἱҧ㹾ҪҳҨѡ ҵǹ /, ʴӤͧdzҤҧ кػշǨ ѡɳººѺἹҧ ѡἹѹɰҹͻҳ .. (..)
. ἹҪҳҨѡѪŷ - մѧ
.. ἹҪҳҨѡ ҵǹ /,, ǺҡἹ . 觹¾ѹ .. Ἱ .. (..) çѺѪŷ
.. Ἱѵҳࢵ (СѡἹ) ҵǹ /,,
ʴҳࢵؤѵԹ кض֧´Թᴹ .. - ..
ṡ͡ѧ.-
駷 ѧú .. -
駷 ·з·ҧȵѹͧµԴѺекҹ ..
駷 ´Թᴹ÷зȵѹ͡ ..
駷 ᴹᴹԺͧ Ǿѹҷˡ ..
駷 ´Թᴹ ..
駷 ´Թᴹҹ˹ͧ͢ ..
駷 ´ԹᴹᶺҰ Ѵ ÷ ..
駷 ´Թᴹҧ ࡴ ѹѹ ѧҹ ..
.. Ἱ
- Ἱʴҳࢵ .. - ըӹǹ ҧ ҵǹ /,, ҧ ҵǹ /,, ҧ ҵǹ /,, ҧ
- Ἱ .. - ҵǹ /,, ҧ
- ἹõԴ·ҧԷҧѺҧ ..
- Map of Siam ҵǹ /,, .. (..)
͡ҡѧἹҪҳҨѡкػշա ҧ ҵǹ /, , /,, , /,, /,,

. Ἱŵҧ ʴѡɳСࢵûͧͧŵҧ ǻ ԾԸѳʶҹҧἹἹ .. (..) Ѫŷ ֧ ..
Ѫŷ ǹ˭ҡѪŷ շءҤ .. (..) .. (..) 繨ӹǹ ҧ ἹҹҾش дɡͺҡ ԾԸѳʶҹҧἹ֧·͹ѡ͡ûѵʵѧ
Ѫŷ (.. - ) ἹŴҹѹ͡ǧ .. - ҵǹ /, ӹǹ ҧ Ἱ蹤ոҪ .. ӹǹ ҧ ѧҡѪŷ Ἱ蹤ոҪ ǧ .. - ӹǹ ҧ. Ἱѡѹࢵᴹ

. ἹࢵᴹҹҳҹԤͧ մѧ
.. Carte de la Region Du Haut Laos (Ἱࢵ٧) ἹкǨ .. - (.. - ) С֡ࢵᴹҧǹ繼Ǩ СǨԻȴҹԹ⴨չ¹ҵǹ /, ˹ͨԺͧ ȵѹǧкҧ ȵѹ͡ҹ 騴⢧Ҥѹ͡§˹ͧ͢ Ἱҧ¹͸Ժҽʷ ҡѡҹʴһȽἹҧѡҼŻªࢵҳҹԤҹԹ⴨չ
.. Ἱࢵᴹ⢧ҹԴѺ Ἱҧ¹ кػշ¹ ŨҡǨ .. (..) ֧з¹ Ἱʴͧ ͧ ⢧¹͸Ժҽ
.. INDO - CHINE carte de la Mission Pavie ἹԹ⴨չзǧҧ Сзǧ ҳҹԤͧѰŽ . ҷἹԹ⴨չ ..
(..) ѧ㹢 .
.. ἹࢵᴹҧҪҳҨѡû¡ѺҪ - Թ⴨չ ҵǹ /, Ἱش ҧ 繼ŧҹҡҧ (ʹҸԡ÷ú) ѺȽ .. (..) դ͸ԺҽʻСͺ¾鹷ҧ仹
- §ͧ ҧ
- § ҧ
- ǧкҧ ҧ
- ͧ ҧ
- ͧ ҧ
- ط ҧ
- Ф ҧ
- ͧԤѹ ҧ
- ʡŹ ҧ
- ʸ ҧ
- ͧҰ ҧ
- ӻѡ ҧ
- غҪҹ ҧ
- Ѵ ҧ
- Ҫ (Ҫ) ҧ
- ѭ ҧ
- ѹ ҧ
- Сٴ ҧ
ἹǺ˹ѧͻ Ҿش дɡͺԾԸѳʶҹҧἹ֧· ѴҾҢҴἹ鹩Ѻѡ
.. lndo - Chine .. ҵǹ /,, Ӻҽ ʴ鹷Թ⴨չ
.. Ἱ褳СûѡѹࢵᴹҧԹ⴨չ Ӣ ..
- ҵǹ /, ըӹǹ ҧ
.. Ἱ·ŻѡѹࢵᴹѺ ࢵͧҴ ҵǹ /, Ἱ¹
.. Carte de la Frontie're du Me'kong СûѡѹࢵᴹҧԹ⴨չл ѴӢ .. - ҵǹҳ /, Ἱʴࢵᴹ´ҹ⢧ Ӻҽ
. ἹࢵᴹҳҹԤͧѧ մѧ

.. Ἱ From Klong Bagatae to Pulo Langkawi and Butang Group ҵǹ /, Ѵ͡ .. (..) ʴࢵᴹ¡Ѻ
.. ἹӺšѡࢵᴹ .ີ Żѵҹ ҵǹ /, Ἱ¹
.. Ἱѡѹࢵᴹ¾Ҫҳࢵ ͹ - Żѵҹ
ոҪ ҵǹ /, ¹
.. ἹʴࢵᴹҧѺͧ 㹤ͧͧѧ ҵǹ /, Ǩ .. - ἹҧӢ鹵͵ŧͧͧǧѡѹࢵᴹҧ - ѧ ѡͧµ˹ѧѭ .. ͸Ժѧ
.. Ἱࢵᴹ - ѧ ҹѺ ҵǹ /, Ἱ .. ʴࢵᴹҹȾ ᶺӡ
͡ҡѧἹʴͷࢵ ˹ѧѭҷҧҪաѺҹһ ҵǹ /, ͧἹ кػ ʴ鹷˹ͨšا ͧԧ ȵѹҪ ͧҭ ȵѹ͡ŻҨԳ ͧк 騴ͧྪú

. ἹʴҳҨѡҳ ͧҳͧ
. ἹѴἹʴҳҨѡҳ .. - ѧ.-
.. Ἱʴ͹ͧҳ֧Ѩغѹ
.. ἹʴҳҨѡáا˹ͧ
.. ἹʴҳҨѡáا⢷ ؤ͢ع˧ (.. - )
.. ἹʴҳҨѡáا෾Ǵظ ؤ稾йҪ
(.. - )
.. ἹʴҳҨѡáا (.. - )
.. ἹʴҳҨѡáا෾ ѵԹԷظ ؤ稾оط
ʹҨš (.. - )
ء¡ǹἹʴͧǷҧѵʵ¢Ũҡ˵оҪǴõҧ Щ鹤١ͧͧἹ֧ѺԪҡ÷ҧѵʵ 繡ѹɰҹҡŷ鹾ͤ鹾ѡҹ ҨռŢѴ駵ͷɮմѡҹ͢ҾԨóҵդ Ἱʴ͹ͧҳ֧Ѩغѹ ἹʴҳҨѡáا˹ͧ ¹鹵ͷһն蹡Դ 蹶ŧ㹻Ȩչ ҳҨѡ˹ͧ 蹶ŧҷҧҨ֧ҳࢵ»Ѩغѹ 蹹Ѩغѹ繷Ѻǧùѡѵʵҳ Шҡâش鹷ҧҳᶺ 辺çд١ѡɳ繤 ǹä鹤㹻 龺ѡҹͧԹʴҷդº׹蹴Թµ , ᶺѧѴҭ Шҡâش鹷ҧҳշҹ§ ѧѴشøҹкdz Ҥѹ͡§˹ ҺдѺ¡ͧԴ鹷Ҥѹ͡§˹繤á ѡҹʴդ躹׹Թµ , ἹͧҧѧǨ֧Ҩ͡ҧԧ㹻Ѩغѹ ͧҡѡҹѧ͹ͷͶ
. Ἱʴͧҳͧ

.. Ἱͧ⢷ ҵǹ /, кػշǨ ʴҳҺdzࢵᾧͧ 繾Ҫѧ ʹ (ἹŢ )
.. Ἱšا ἹἹšا .. (..) .. (..) ҵǹ /, ʴ鹷ͧšاҷ ͷ˹ͨͧž 騴ͧͧҹ ȵѹͧؾóͧҧͧ ȵѹͧ͡к
͡ҡѧἹͧا "Ἱ ا෾Ǵ" ҵǹ /, բͤ͸Ժ¶֧ѵԡ÷ἹҡἹҧ¡Ǥ.
"ҳҹѡ () ,,,, ǧԺšا繼Ǩ龹ѡҹӵѡҹѧҡ㹻Ѩغѹ ǹͷТͧѴ硹µҧ ŧ鹡ѧѴ лҳŧҺѴ㴵㹷ҹ ŧ͵Ǩ .. ֧ .. 褧кͧФҴ͹ҧ 繸Ңͧäá ᴧҧ¹ͧǧɵšا 繼¹" Ἱ Ἱҧʴ੾еͧظ ͺ դͧҧ ¡㹵ͧҡ ʴǡᾧͧ Ѵͺеʹ 㹵ͧ仴ѴժѴҧ ҡἹҡ ͡ҡ鹡ʶҹ਴ žС ֧ ἹѧкҪѧ ػἹҧʴҳʶҹͧاҧѴਹ
ҹἹا 㹾ԾԸѳʶҹҧἹ Ἱ ͧǡѺѧͧاظչѡԪҡ֡Ҥ鹤ҷҺǡѺͧҧҧ ҷҺ ˹ѧ͢ӹѡѧͧзǧҴ Ѻ áҤ պҷͧ "ظҨҡ .. - . ظ º§ ҾἹѧاظµҧ ѹ 駪û¹ ¡اظҪҹǺѡҹҧ ʹٻһСͺѧ繢¹Ἱѧͧظ ʴӤͧ੾Т Ἱѧ繼ѧͧҡ .. - ͡ҡѧ¹çѧͧظ͹Ҥѡçѧͧ ʴdzѨغѹ ͧ ҧ ҧö ҧا෾ кdz͹Ҥ ἹѧͧҧŧСͺѧ
.. MAP of Part of MUANG TAKUAPA ʴ鹷ͧСǻҺdz辺ҳѵ Ἱ Jourma of the Siam Society 1905

. ἹṡҤҧ 㹻 մѧ
. ἹҤ˹
.. ἹѾ ҵǹ /, .. - ըӹǹ ҧ
.. ἹѾ ҵǹ /,, /,, /, /, ҧ .. - ըӹǹ ҧ
.. Ἱɳš ҵǹ /, Ǩ .. - ըӹǹ ҧ ͡ҡѧҵǹ /, Ǩ .. ӹǹ ҧ ҵǹ /, Ǩ ..
.. ἹҤ˹ ҵǹ /, Ǩ .. - ըӹǹ ҧ
. ἹҤҧ
.. ἹѧѴ - ҹ ШѧѴ§ Ǩ .. - ըӹǹ ҧ
.. ἹѧѴطûҡШѧѴ§ Ἱͧطûҡ ҵǹ /, .. (..) Ἱҧҷش ͡ҡἹ ҵǹ /, /, Ǩ .. - ӹǹ ҧ ǹ˭Ǩ .. ըӹǹ ҧ
.. ἹҤҧ ҵǹ /, .. - ըӹǹ ҧ
.. ἹѧѴûШѧѴ§ .. - ըӹǹ ҧ
.. ἹѧѴҪ - طʧ ШѧѴ§ Ǩ .. - ըӹǹ ҧ
.. ἹѧѴä ШѧѴ§ Ǩ .. - ըӹǹ ҧ
.. ἹѧѴظ - ҧͧ ШѧѴ§ Ǩ .. - ըӹǹ ҧ
.. ἹѧѴҭ ШѧѴ§ Ǩ .. - ըӹǹ ҧ
.. ἹѧѴž - ԧ ШѧѴ§ Ǩ .. - .. - ըӹǹ ҧ
.. ἹѧѴؾó ШѧѴ§ Ǩ .. -
ըӹǹ ҧ
.. ἹѧѴ¹ҷ - ط¸ҹ ШѧѴ§ Ǩ .. - ըӹǹ ҧ
.. ἹѧѴк ШѧѴ§ Ǩ .. - ըӹǹ ҧ
.. ἹѧѴҨչ - ù¡ ШѧѴ§ Ǩ .. - ըӹǹ ҧ
.. ἹѧѴྪú - ШǺբѹ Ǩ .. - ըӹǹ ҧ
. ἹҤѹ͡§˹ Ἱҵǹ :, ҧ .. - .. ӹǹ ҧ Ἱҵǹ :,, :, ҧ . - ӹǹ , ҧ Ѵ¡¨ѧѴ. ἹҤ ἹҤҵǹ /, ἷúǺ .. - ըӹǹ ҧ
. Ἱʵ 㹪ǧѪŷ (.. - ) ἹԵἹ ʴŷҧʵ зѾҡøҵմѧ

. Ἱ ʴѾҡøҵ ҵǹ /,, .. -
. ʴ鹷٧ СäҤ ҵǹ /,, ..
. ʴࢵͧѨغѹ ҵǹ /,, ..
. Ἱʴҧö ҵǹ /,, ..

. Ἱͧا෾
. Ἱا෾ Ѫŷ մѧ

.. Ἱا෾ ҵǹ /, кآͤ "ҹͧ 蹴çҪҹҾѺкҪͧ çСسôҾѡҹἹӢͻաحȡ ѡҪ 駹 ǡἹա ҹ͹¹ŧ㹷ءѹǺҷͧӹҾŧǡѹ" ͹ ͹ 繼¹ ѹ ѹҤ .. (..) Ἱا෾ Ѻҷشҷѡҹ
ԨóἹҾ鹷ǹ˭͡ǹ dz ǧ
ǹ 繪ѴҧѨغѹ ࢵդҡ͵Ӥͧ
ἹʴdzѹԹҧ´ ǻͧѹ֡ кتͷ駢ͧ
ҧ
ҡԨóҪʶҹҧ ¹ŧҡѴدѵ¹¡Ѵѭѵ ç¹ʵԷ¡ç¹֡ԹѴ⾧ ¡ѴӾͧ ʶҹö信ا෾ ¡çѡö
ҪԹѧ ӤѭͶʹ ҧкҪѧºᾧкҪѧ ԭا Ѵ⾸֧ اͧкҪѧ֧Ѵл жͧõѴҹҧͧҡ˹ѴùȨҾ
ͿἹҡͧҴ зǧѨغѹ繡طҸԡдҹҧ繡ἹûѨغѹ ¹ç¹ çҺŨŧó ШŧóԷѧ ʹҽҧ (Ҫձ) öҧʹԭا
.. Ἱšا෾ ҵǹ/, ͿʡἹ
ا෾ ѹ Զع¹ .. (..) ʴ鹷dzҧἹا෾ .. ʴ੾еͧҹἹҧ˹ͨšا 騴Ҿҵҡ件֧šا ȵѹŹ ȵѹ͡ŻҨԳʴԻӤͧ ͧҧ觻Ѩغѹ¹Ҿ繶 ͧ ͧʹҡἹʴҡäҤǹ˭繡ѭ÷ҧշҧö俹Ҫҹ͡ҡѴҡ աࢵûͧ ͧ
. Ἱšا෾ ҵǹ /, ըӹǹ ҧ͡ѹͧἹ ا෾ ѹ Ҥ .. - (.. - ) Ἱҧʴ鹷ͺdzǡѺἹšا෾ .. ѧ դ¹ŧ´ .. դͧ Ἱҧն ǧ
շҧöͷҧö»ҡ ·ҧ¡蹻ҡ ͧ
طûҡ
ҧö俷Ҩչ ʴ駢ͧʶҹջ·ҧ ʴҧö ҹͺҧع¹ 仨Ź
ҧöྪú ҹ仡ѺǤͧʴ ͤͧ¾ġ ͧ
ʴ
͡ҡ´ǹ˭ѧ͹Ἱšا෾ .. Ӥͧ礧ҡ͹
Ἱ¡÷ǹѧҾ ʧǹѡ͡ûѵʵ ҧԾԸѳʶҹҧἹ Ἱ ·ҢҴҡѺ鹩Ѻԧѡ
Ѫŷ ѧἹ੾кdz "Ἱا෾ ͹㹡ᾧҹ" ҵǹ / ͹繼¹ .. (..) Ҵ " ҧ " ἹʴdzѵԷҧ´ҷشҷ鹾ἹҧѵԢͧӹѡҪŢҸԡ

. Ἱا෾ Ѫŷ - (.. - ) մѧ.-

.. Ἱdzا෾ ҵǹ /, .. ἹҧἹͧا෾ ˹ͨͻҡ 騴ͧ͹ѹ ȵѹ͡ͺҧл ȵѹ͵觪ѹ Ἱҧʴ繤¹ŧ ˹ նҧö¹ Ҹ 繵 շҧö鹤 ҧö俩ԧ ҧöͧ ҧö俪ͧ ç¹Ҫþ͹ çҺŨŧó dz§ᶺʹҪձѧǹ ¨ҡѴзǹ͡价ҧѹ͡繷觹ǹ ᶺ⢹ ˹ ࢵԵѨغѹ¹¡ͺҧ ʶҹҪ÷ 鹨ҡ͡仡ࢵǹз觹 ҹdzҸʶҹäҪٵѹ ʶҹäҪٵԵ (СѡἹ) 鹨ҡ价繷觹 Ҿդ˹ ੾ᶺͧͺҧѡ պѷҧҹ çҹҡ ҹ觸繾鹷ǹǹ˭ ҪҺ
.. Ἱdzا෾ ҵǹ /, Ἱú Ҥ .. Ἱҧʴ鹷ͺdzǡѺἹا෾ .. ´͹Ѻ ЩйἹͧ¡ùҨǨǡѹѹ ѧ (..) ෤Ԥþա ҹ´Ѵਹ
.. Ἱdzا෾ ҵǹ /, Ǩ .. - ʴ鹷˹ͨͺҧ 騴ͧɮó ȵѹ͡ͺҧл ;⢹ ȵѹ͵觪ѹ ԭ Ἱҧʴ´ҡҷ ǹҪӹѡҹ Ἱ¨ҡҡͧҴҧзǧ
ӹѡҹἹҡͧҴç¹ҪԹ ç¹·ú͡ҡҧзǧ趹ҪԹ͡ ʶҹäҪٵѧɻҡἹ .. .. ҾѴǧ ͺҧѡ ҡἹا෾ Ǩ .. - 趹ԹԵ ͡ҡҡʶҹ駨ŧóԷ繤áἹҧ çdzç¹Ҫþ͹ ྪú仵ѴѺҪжҪ¡Һdzеٹ ᶺྪúյѴ ѨغѹդͧҧлԢҹ仡Ѻҧöµѹ͡ çҹö俵㹺dz¡ѡѡ Ѩغѹ͡价ҧ˹ͺҧࢵͧ ǹ 趹 աҽ׹ǧ çҺǪе趹ѡþ 觸çҺҪѧѧ çҺäԵ çҺäԴ ͧҹ նЪҸԻ Ҵ˭ Ҿ ǧ¹ ǧ¹˭ ǹ˭ࢵǹդ˹ᶺҾ ҹɮóࢵǹ
.. Ἱ·͡ا෾ ͷ֧оҹ طҵ Ҫ Ǩ ѹҤ - Ҿѹ .. ҵǹ /, طʵ Ҫ ا෾ .. ʴdzҾҵҧ ¡ࢵͷ ֧ࢵͷ˹ᶺҧ ἹҧʴоҹҾ繤á оҹ оҹоطʹ dzʴҧ´ͺdzѹԹ çҺҤ çҺšҧ 趹ǧἹҧἹѺԹ 觡طʵ ͧѾ ˹ҷԵἹ誹Դ
.. Ἱا෾ ҵǹ /, ἹǺ .. Ἱ .. Ἱʴ੾㹵ͧ ҧ˹Ͷ֧Ѵõ ֧ࢵɮó ȵѹ֧͡ѡѹ жԹԵ ȵѹ֧ҧҸ ἹҧǶҧö¹鹴ҹնҵҡԹ ԹþԷѡ ԭʹԷǧ (Ѩغѹ¡ѭʹԷǧ) ا෾ - û ˹ö¸Թ һԾѵ (Ѩغѹ¡дԾѷ) ն йͧ йͧ (Ѩغѹ¡йͧ ,) Ъɮ նҸػдɰ ͡ѹ
͡ҡѧἹ੾кdzСͺǡѹ СͺἹʴѧѴҧ§ й ἹdzѵԹ ҡԷ¸ʵСͧ dzѧ˹ 繤áἹ ش觪ҵ˹ѴҸҵ ͡ҡѧἹҪѧԵ ἹdzǹԹ Ἱ੾кdz ҧ
ἹҧѺͧպѭժʶҹСͺἹ㹫ͧºѭժʶҹСͺѴҧоطʹ ʶͧʵʹ Դ ӡѰ ѧطҹ ʶҹ֡ çҺ ʶҹٵС Ҥ ѷ ҧ ѵҤ Ҵ ʶҹ çբ ç оҹ ͧ
.. Ἱا෾ ੾кdz Ἱʴ鹷㹡ᾧҹ ҵǹ /, Ἱ .. (ἹСͺ) ԾԸѳʶҹҧἹ Ἱ Ἱ ҧ

. ἹԹ Ἱطʵ ʴ鹷ᶺ½觷źdz¶֧ طʵҪӡǨ ¹Ἱ誹Դ ԾԸѳʶҹҧἹἹӹǹ ҧ Ǩ .. - ͡ҡѧἹǨǺŵѪŷ - оѪŻѨغѹ ѺἹ 㹾ԾԸѳʶҹҧἹѧ

- ἹҤ˹ ҵǹ /, ἹúԹ੾ж ǺҡἹҵǹҧ .. - .. - ըӹǹ ҧ
- ἹҤѹ͡ ҵǹ /,, /, ἹúԹ੾ж ҵǹ /, Ǩ /, Ǩ .. - .. - ըӹǹ ҧ
- ἹҤѹ͡§˹ ἹúԹ੾ж ҵǹ /, ..
ӹǹ ҧ
- ἹҤѹ͡§˹ ҵǹ /,, /, .. - ͺ鹷 ѧѴҤѹ͡§˹
- Ἱ ҵǹ /,, .. -